The state of the Great Commission

No one can argue. It is the final, most important command Jesus ever gave us. Yet half of the people in American churches can’t say what it is or even select it from a list of verses.

How can this be, and what does this mean for Christianity in America?

The Great Commission

Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.” 

Matthew 28:18-20

Of course you’ve heard these verses, right? Or have you? Last March, Barna Group conducted a study of the U.S. Church’s ideas about missions, social justice, Bible translation and other aspects of spreading the gospel around the world. When asked if they had “heard of the Great Commission,” about half of U.S. churchgoers (51 percent) responded that they hadn’t.

It would be reassuring to assume that the other half who know the term were also actually familiar with the passage known by this name, but that proportion was low. Only 17 percent of those who said they were familiar with the term “Great Commission” could also say they knew what it meant. Beyond this, only 37 percent of churchgoers could recognize which was the Great Commission when asked to choose it from five passages in a list.

Barna’s research begs the question: How can we carry out the greatest task Jesus has given us if we don’t even know what it is?

How can we carry out the greatest task Jesus has given us if we don’t even know what it is?

Let’s look a little closer at what Jesus was asking his disciples (and us) to do.

The gospel

The message Christians are commanded to carry to the ends of the earth is called the “gospel.” What is the gospel? If Barna had asked this question, the numbers might have been even lower. And we can’t really ask people to choose it from a list of verses, because the message of the gospel runs throughout the New Testament.

We’re all supposed to be sharing the gospel, but many Christians aren’t, because they aren’t sure what it is.

The good news of the gospel is God’s response to the bad news of sin. It is the answer to God’s promise to right what is wrong in the world, and in us. God sent his Son, Jesus, who took on flesh to come and live among us. God became man in the person of Jesus. Then, after living a life of perfect obedience to God, he gave that life up to pay the price justice demands for our sin, according to the Scriptures. God raised him up on the third day, according to the Scriptures (1 Corinthians 15). Without the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus, there would be no salvation for any of us.

Jesus preached about the gospel while he was still on earth – the good news that the kingdom God had promised for hundreds of years was finally coming. For Israel, the kingdom meant healing and restoration were imminent. And while he was on earth, Jesus gave them a taste of this kingdom when he valued the poor, set captives free, healed the blind, and released people from oppression (Isaiah 61:1; Luke 4:18).

In short, the good news is God’s response to the bad news of sin in the world. It is the answer to God’s promise to right what is wrong in the world, and in us.

The Apostle Paul preached that Jesus is the way to belonging in this kingdom. So did Jesus (John 14:6) and Peter (Acts 2), and all of the apostles. Literally, the word gospel means “good news,” but to understand the good news, we have to understand the bad news about sin. “Despite our own ‘goodness’ or ‘badness’ relative to each other, we are all in the same spiritual boat – we have sinned,” and the punishment for sin is eternal separation from our source of life and all goodness (Romans 3:23).

Sin is in all of us; everyone sins, and sin brings death. But Jesus’ death and resurrection brings us life. Paul said there are some facts that are of “first importance” to this gospel we are to bring to the ends of the earth:

  • that Christ died for our sins in accordance with Scripture
  • that he was buried
  • that he was raised on the third day; and
  • that he appeared to all of the apostles and then to more than 500 people (1 Corinthians 15:3-6).

By identifying with Jesus’ death, burial and resurrection, we are made righteous. We are empowered by his Holy Spirit to live a holy life. And in him, our place in God’s kingdom is secure (John 10:28). This is good news.


But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria and to the ends of the earth.
–Acts 1:8

The “Great Commission reprise,” so to speak, comes in Acts 1. If we are the beneficiaries of God’s good news in Jesus, we ourselves receive power to become disciples, students and followers of Jesus, our teacher. The Holy Spirit gives us the power to be witnesses. And if we are truly learning from him, what we’re learning is too good to keep to ourselves. We will be led to share it. That is the nature of the Christian faith and the direction of the Holy Spirit, who is always leading us to testify about Jesus and glorify him (John 15:26 and 16:14).

We become witnesses to what he has done in our lives. We talk about it with those around us, and we carry out the Great Comission…even if we don’t know that’s what it’s called. That is what followers of Christ do.

So, while there is some real concern about people’s familiarity with Scripture, the good news about the Great Commission is that it’s still happening.

The good news about the good news

The truth about the term “Great Commission” in 2018 is that it is less than well-known and declining in familiarity. Barna’s research shows that the younger a generation, the less likely they are to know what it is. And though spiritual conversations may be happening less and less in America, still the gospel continues to be carried to the ends of the earth.

Actually, the lack of familiarity with the term doesn’t necessarily mean that evangelism is entirely forgotten, not even in America. Recent research offers hope that the Great Commission continues to be carried out, despite all speculation about its decline.

And the very good news about the good news is that people all over the world are still carrying out the Great Commission every day. The borders of God’s kingdom are expanding in places like Africa and Asia, quietly in the Middle East and among the world’s refugee populations.

Is it possible for us to do the same that is being done in these countries where the gospel is spreading rapidly, to hold onto the command, to teach it to our children and those we are telling about Jesus, even if the term has fallen out of favor? Of course it is. It is the most important thing Jesus ever asked of us.

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